What Are the Difference between HTML and CSS

HTML is not a programming language. It is a markup language. The full form of HTML is, Hypertext Markup Language that gives structure of a content as well as meaning by defining that content, exempli gratia, headings, images or pictures, paragraphs and more. On the other hand, CSS is not also a programming language, it is nothing but a presentation language used to style the appearance of the content of the web page – using the fonts, colors etc.

Before we go to discuss the actual difference of HTML and CSS, let us dive deep into the sea of HTML and CSS discussing some pros of both the language. This will help you understand the basic difference of both the scripting language in today’s world of website design services.

Use of HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)

HTML is widely used to create the electronic documents, particularly the web pages that are displayed on the WWW i.e. World Wide Web. Each web page normally contains a series of connections to the other web pages called hyperlinks. Every web page you come to see online is written using the HTML, the version can be of different, but it is one scripting language sans you cannot do.

Designing a website is a’ la mode, so to use of HTML. Without using HTML you cannot even create a small, very small web page. It is one of the most important languages that help you create all types of web pages simultaneously with the help of other scripting languages like CSS, JavaScript etc.

Use of CSS (Cascading Style Sheet)

CSS is the scripting language that is used to describe the presentation of the Web pages, combining with colors, fonts, layouts and much, much more. It helps one to adapt the entire presentation to use in different types of devices. The device can be a large, medium or small one. CSS is one of the most important languages widely using to develop a responsive website. CSS is very independent to HTML and can be utilized with any form of XML based markup language.

CSS generally comes in three types, they are as follows:

  • In a separate file format that is external
  • At the top of the webpage document that is internal
  • Right next to the text that which decorates, that is inline

Advantages of Using HTML for Webpage Design

The advantages of using HTML are many. One of the basic advantages is to ensure the proper formatting of the text as well as images so that your Internet browser, we mean the browser you use to run a website, may display them as they are readily available to look. Sans HTML, a browser, whatsoever browser you use, will not be able to know how to display the text as elements or able to load images or pictures, or other elements.

HTML also provides a very basic structure of a web page, upon which CSS or Cascading Style Sheets are used to transform its appearance. You can think of HTML as the skeleton of a web page and CSS is the muscle, better to say one is a structure and another is an appearance.

Advantages of Using CSS for Web page Design

The importance or advantage of using CSS in wed development is undeniable. CSS called Cascading Style Sheet plays a significant role in web design and development. It is an integral part of responsive website development process. It is one of the most effective HTML tools which provide you an easy to control and simple to manage layout as well as presentation of web pages by classifying the content from design. Some of the advantages of using CSS for webpage design are:

  • You have an easier to upkeep, manage and update
  • You get greater consistency in website design
  • With CSS you get more formatting options
  • CSS is a lightweight code, so you can use it for various purpose web page building
  • With CSS you will have faster downloading time
  • You get immense benefits of search engine optimization
  • With CSS you will have ease of presenting many different styles to various viewers
  • You will have greater and better accessibility

CSS (Cascading Style Sheet) and HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is out and out a webpage scripting language, because you can simply encode the rule 110 in this CSS, that is to say, you can prohibitively impractical to try to use programs or scripting language in HTML as well as CSS. Most of the people these days say they do program in HTML and are generally wrong about programming. Yes, they are right, because HTML and CSS is nothing but two important style sheet languages to design static as well as dynamic websites.

We designers and developers commonly describe so many pros of HTML and CSS, but very few like to describe the cons of these two scripting languages. While developing or designing websites, you will certainly come to know some of the noteworthy disadvantages of HTML and CSS. Those disadvantages are not many, but still they are, and if we do not discuss those disadvantages, our discussion would be incomplete. Let us see the disadvantages of HTML and CSS in a brief.

  • HTML is a static language, so it cannot generate the dynamic result.
  • HTML only can offer you limited functionality
  • CSS have different dimensions with each browser and need to be tested before launch a website
  • CSS needs to be tested otherwise mobile compatible website would have issues

Last, but certainly not the least, HTML and CSS is widely used web scripting language, but with these two languages you have to apply JavaScript to make a complete functional dynamic web page. These two languages are client-side web scripting languages, so they are good no doubt. Albeit, they different in many different ways, like syntactical structure, applying the methods, usability and features, such as attributes supported by the language. Moreover, CSS is trying to replace the HTML functionality, as it offers more and more features as well as flexibility.

Safikul Islam
Web Developer & SEO Specialist with 3+ years of experience in Open Source Web Development, specialized in Custom PHP & WordPress development. He is also the moderator of this blog "WebTechHelp".

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