It has offered us ample frameworks and libraries to speed up the coding process and launch a web/mobile app to the market. But, at the same time, it has turned the development process into science rocket – making it tough for one to understand which JS framework to opt in 2019 and beyond.
Angular vs React: A Brief Outlook
Introduced by Facebook, React is an open-source JS library that enabled the web and mobile app developers to create reusable HTML components for front-end development.
React vs Angular: Factors to Choose the Right Front-End Development Option
As depicted from Google Trends image shared below, Reactjs has more searches than Angular in 2019. This indicates that React has higher popularity than Angular.
2. Learning Curve
However, it is not so in the case of Angular curve. Google’s Angular framework has complicated CMS, requires knowledge of different concepts like dependency injection, templates, pipes, TypeScript, RxJS, etc. and is rapidly growing. This is making it necessary for Angular app developers to remain open to learning throughout, which implies a steep learning curve is associated with Angular.
Though both Reactjs and Angular employs component-based architecture, both have different tech stack, which makes a difference in the comparison.
4. Development Speed
In case of React, various third-party libraries are involved in the app development process, which are not compatible with all the development architectures. This means you need to pick the right third-party library based on your project, which demands a higher investment of time and efforts.
Whereas, in the case of Angular, the time required for development is comparatively low due to CLI update, clean coding of Typescript and its built-in process to deal with comprehensive issues.
5. Data Binding
React employs one-way data binding in which the UI elements cannot be altered without updating the related model state. Whereas, Angular works based upon two-way data binding which changes the model state automatically when the UI element is altered, and vice-versa.
While the Angular data binding seems a profitable and effective thing, it’s React’s way that helps to deal with larger app projects. Thus, React outshines the competition when dealing with larger and complicated app projects.
Angular allows the developers to perform testing and debugging of the whole project with a single tool. This simplifies and accelerates the quality assurance process.
React offers you an opportunity to select the tools, libraries and architecture for web/app development as per your choice and create a highly-customized application.
However, Angular does not offer such a facility. This front-end app development framework provides you with a limited amount of freedom and flexibility in choosing the tech stack and features of the application, signifying that React is the right option in terms of freedom and flexibility.
8. App Performance
Another factor to consider when choosing between React and Angular is app performance.
The earlier versions of Angular, Angularjs was lagging behind React in terms of performance due to the involvement of Virtual DOM and Fiber in Reactjs app development. However, the latest version of Angular, i.e., Angular7 has filled this gap by introducing various features like ShadowAPI. So, both the front-end app development frameworks are giving intense competition to each other when app performance is considered.
Angular is lagging behind React in terms of documentation. On one end, the ongoing development has made it tough to record all the changes and publish documentation. While, on the other end, the earlier versions of Angular, i.e, AngularJS are considered outdated now, implying their documentation are of no use to developers now.
However, there is no such case with React. The Facebook UI library is undergoing updates, but the previous versions are still applicable. This makes it easier for the React Native developers to understand the concepts and implement in their web/app project.
10. Community Support
When talking about GitHub, React has considerable wider community support than Google’s Angular framework. But, when it comes to StackOverflow Developer Survey, Angular beats React with more developers showing interest in Angular app development. So, both the technologies hold almost the same position in the competition when community support is considered.